Acne is a very common skin condition, usually due to genetics and hormonal fluctuation. , accumulation of dead skin cells, bacteria, exessive sebum secretion and inflammation play a crucial role in the formation of clogged pores and acne.
Although acne is most often associated with adolescence, it’s very common in adults as well.
Common acne myths
Sadly, there is a persistent myth that acne and black heads are caused by poor hygien. Thats why many people who struggle with oily skin and acne keep washing and exfoliating their skin far too often. This usually has the opposite effect with increased production of sebum and more blemishes. In addition, the skin becomes overwhelmed by too much cleansing and harsh skincare products, resulting in skin barrier damage and sensitivity.
Each pore on the surface of the skin is an opening to a canal called a follicle. Each follicle contains a hair and an oil gland that secretes an oily mixture of lipids called sebum over the skin surface.
Although it’s often associated with negative aspects regarding the skin, sebum is actually crucial for a smooth, flexible and healthy complexion.
It helps locking in moisture and prevents skin damage caused by friction.
Together with sweat, sebum forms the acid mantle, a slightly acidic film (pH 5-6) that covers the surface of the skin. This protective, thin barrier is the skin’s ultimate defense against attack by bacteria, pollutants and UV rays.
Exessive sebum production
If the skin secretes too much sebum, the pores become clogged, leading to black heads, whiteheads and acne.
In addition, the constantly high oil secretion causes the pores to become stretched and more visible.
The sebum composition differ between people with and without a predisposition to acne.
Acne prone skin often have a lower level of linolenic acid, higher level of oleic acid and higher level of squalene.
Linoleic acid is one of the lipids that constitute sebum.
lipid peroxidation Squalane is naturally occurring in sebum and protects cells from oxidative damage by sun and pollutants. Acne-prone skin produces a larger amount of squalene than normal. Squalene is very prone to oxidation, forming a pore clogging by-product, which in turn causes inflammation and acne breakouts.
When the amount of linoleic acid is insufficient, the skin compensates this by producing an exess of oleic acid.
Lack of linoleic acid causes dead skin cells to clump together and plug the pores, trapping sebum, skin cells and bacteria. The wall of the follicle eventually rupture, increasing an inflammatory response.
The decreased amount of linoleic acid also weakens the skins protective barrier, which makes the skin more susceptible to bacteria.
Our xxx is boosted with linoleic acid to help unclog the pores and rebalance the sebum production.
C. acnes is part of skins normal bacterial flora and fulfills a number of important functions xxx.
Nevertheless, when trapped inside a clogged pore, the bacteria is allowed to grow by digesting sebum. Biproducts of this digestion can irritate the pores, which leeds to inflammation and acne.
Abnormal shedding of skin cells.
Normally, old skin cells are pushed out of the follicle onto the skin surface and fall off. If you have acne-prone skin, this process doesn’t work optimally. Instead, skin cells clump together inside the follicle, blocking the sebum and allowing bacterial growth that causes inflammation and acne.
The eccesive amount of sticky sebum also prevents dead skin cells from shedding. Instead skin cells and dirt sticks to the skin surface, irritating and further clogging the pores.
Oxidative stress caused by UV-light and air pollutants such as car exhaust fumes, household cleancers, factory emissions, dust and tobacco smoke induces inflammation and weakens the skin barrier.
Antioxidants prevent the damaging effects oxidative stress have on the skin, however, since acne-prone skin often lacks a sufficient amount of antioxidants, , the skin is more vulnerable to oxidative stress, which in turn can aggrevate acne.
Because acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition, the skin depletes its natural defenses against oxidative stress faster than normal. Therefore, acne-prone skin lacks a sufficient amount of antioxidants, vitamin E in particular, to cope with air pollutants and prevent inflammation.
Prolonged stress can have a devastating effect not only on our mental well-being, but it affects the skin to. Stress stimulates the relice of cortisol, which increases sebum production.
Humid- and dry air.
The moisture level in the air also affects the skin’s sebum production. Low air humidity, which is common in winter, draws moisture from the skin, causing it to produce more sebum to restore moisture balance. High humidity, usually in summer, stimulates the sebaceous glands to produce more oil.
it can be tricky to maintain a balanced oil production, mainly because the skin is simply genetically coded to produce a larger amount of sebum, but also because there are so many external and internal factors that can stimulate the sebaceous glands.
Constantly oily, sticky skin and “impurities” are frustrating and it’s completely understandable that it feels good to wash it all away. However, If you wash your face too often with harsh foam cleansers, your skin can become dehydrated and sensitized. The skin depend on it’s natural oils to stay healthy and protected. If too much it will produce even more to compencate, cant trick the skin… because it depends on sebum to stay glowing, smooth, hydrated and resistant.
Why add oil to already oily skin?
Contrary to popular belief, botanical oils can provide amazing benefits for all skin types, not only for dry skin.
Botanical oils differ widely regarding vitamin and antioxidant content, fatty acid composition and how well they are absorbed by the skin.
The fact is that botanical oils can regulate the skin’s own sebum production and calm acne, repair the barrier, soothe the skin, provide vitamins and antioxidant, seal in moisture and protect the skin from external threats such as pollution and UV rays.
Completly oil-free products have often been considered the only way to care for and treat acne and oily skin. It’s true that you need to be extra careful regarding the kind of lipids that you apply on your face. However, by completely avoiding naturak oils you miss out on things that can actually dramatically improve your skin.
Our anti acne products contain carefully selected lipids that help balance the sebum of oily and acne prone skin.
Vitamin A normalises the keratinisation processes of the skin. Avoiding hyper keratinisation it inhibits acne