Genetics, hormones and age largely determine how your skin behaves. It can be tricky to figure out what type of skin you have, because your skins condition vary due to other factors such as skincare habits, age, eating habits, stress, sleep habits and whether the skin is exposed to a lot of sun and urban pollution.
Knowing what type of skin you have makes it easier to choose products that suit your skin, while avoiding products that are not beneficial to your skin type.
Self-examine your skin based on how often you need to reapply moisturizer and how well your skin tolerates different products. Is your skin surface usually more or less shiny? Or not shiny at all?
The size of your pores is also a good indicator of what type of skin you have.
Permanently dry or temporarily dehydrated? In order to select the right skincare products, it’s first and foremost important to distinguish between dry skin type and dehydrated skin. Although both of these skin concerns have similar symptoms, they are caused by completely different factors.
Dry skin type is a permanent state of dryness, caused by reduced production of skin’s natural oils. Because dry skin produces very little or no oil, it’s unable to prevent moisture loss or stop harmful organisms and toxins from entiering the skin. Dry skin needs plenty of lipid infused moisturizer that helps to lock in water and keep the skin barrier intact.
Dehydration on the other hand is a temporary condition that can affect anybody regardless of skin type.
Usually, dehydrated skin lacks water due to dry climate, overexposure to sunlight, over cleancing and over exfoliation.
Unlike dehydrated skin, which usually feels tight but looks more or less shiny, people with dry skin type lacks that shiny surface due to reduced sebum production. That is also why they have less visible pores on the face. Sebum contributes to a healthy, slightly acidic Ph in the skin, protecting it from bacteria and toxins and preventing water from evaporating from the surface. Thats why it is common for skin that lack sebum to be dry, irritated, itchy and flaky.
Dry skin with reduced sebum production needs to be replenished with moisture as well as lipids that helps trap that moisture in the skin. It’s also important to treat the skin gently and avoid harsh cosmetics, as it causes further weakening of the skin’s barrier.